Publication Ethics

Publication Decisions

The editor of the Tunas Agraria is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the chief editor, the Editorial Board, the peer-reviewer and the publisher. This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.


Duties of Editors:

Responsibilities: The editor of a journal holds a vital position taking important editorial decisions on all peer-reviewed submitted for publication.

 Fair Play: An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editor should evaluate manuscripts objectively based on their academic merit free of any commercial or self-interests.

 Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

 Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

 Transparency Academic: The editor should maintain the transparency of the academic research & record, preclude professional needs from cooperating with ethical standards, and always be willing to publish retractions, rectifications, and erratum when required.

Rectitude: Promoting research rectitude must be preserved. If at any stage the publisher suspects any kind of misconduct in research, it should be investigated promptly in detail with suitable authority; and if any suspicious act of misconduct is observed in the peer review, it should be resolved with diligence.



  1. Netralitas: editor bersikap netral dalam menyeleksi dan men-screening naskah. Editor harus objektif dan adil kepada setiap penulis yang menyerahkan karya tulisnya ke redaksi. Editor dilarang bersikap diskriminatif kepada penulis, baik berdasarkan jenis kelamin, suku, agama, ras, antar-golongan, maupun kewarganegaraan penulis.
  2. Pelaporan: editor melaporkan hasil seleksi dan review naskah secara jelas dan tepat kepada penulis dengan memperhatikan akurasi, kelengkapan, dan kejelasan pelaporan hasil penelitian dan pengembangannya, termasuk teknik pengeditan serta penggunaan pedoman penerbitan dan penulisan naskah.
  3. Komunikatif; editor berkomunikasi secara efektif dan efisien dalam proses penerbitan jurnal. Setiap saran dan kritik, baik dari penulis, reviewer, dan pengelola jurnal harus ditanggapi secara jelas, jujur, dan transparan.
  4. Keadilan; editor mendistribusikan naskah secara adil kepada anggota tim editor dan reviewer berdasarkan kompetensinya masing-masing.
  5. Profesional: editor bekerja secara profesional berdasarkan tugas dan tanggung jawabnya. Editor harus memahami setiap kebijakan yang terkait dengan penerbitan jurnal. Editor memastikan bahwa setiap naskah telah melalui proses editorial dan review yang benar, adil, dan objektif.
  6. Tanggung jawab: editor bertanggung jawab penuh terhadap keberhasilan penerbitan jurnal. Editor menjamin bahwa setiap artikel jurnal yang diterbitkan adalah karya tulis baru yang bukan plagiat, serta memberikan manfaat bagi pihak-pihak yang membaca dan mengakses
  7. Pengungkapan konflik kepentingan: editor menjunjung tinggi hak cipta dan privasi satu sama lain guna menghindari terjadinya konflik kepentingan. Apabila terjadi konflik kepentingan dengan pihak lain, editor harus menyelesaikannya dengan cara yang adil dan bijaksana.

Duties of Reviewers:

Contribution to Editorial Decisions: Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Promptness: Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Confidentiality: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. Since peer review is confidential, the reviewer also must not share information about the review with anyone without permission from the editors.

Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively, providing a detailed, critically, constructive, and unbiased evaluation in a timely manner of the scientific content of the work. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgment of Sources: Reviewers should identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge, and also notified of the journal editor of any ethical concerns in their evaluation of submitted manuscripts; such as any violation of ethical treatment of animal or human subjects.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. Reviewers notify the journal editor about any financial or personal conflict of interest and decline to review the manuscript when a possibility of such a conflict exists.

Duties of Authors:

Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention: Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgment of Sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects: If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that has any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works:  When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/ her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Permissions: Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.